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- 赵丽华：农民专业合作社发展模式研究 ——以甘肃省永靖县为例09-26
【关键词】 合作社； 功能； 困境和成因； 培育方法
Socialized services systems for a culture are the network system that satisfied the need of agricultural production and provide all kinds of services for the operators of the agricultural. But just come to see the development situation of the socialized services systems for agriculture, it cannot satisfied the need of a幼cultural production, so cultivating the Farmers' professional co-operatives to be an effective carrier can help reach the goal.
This research is trying to in the frame of structural functionalism, basing on the guiding ideology of the social system theory that regarding the human social organization as an open and organic system, to research the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function to complete the socialized services systems. And then the contents of this research are: first, doing theoretical analysis the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function under the socialized services systems; second, the present situation investigation of the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function; the third, the analysis of the difficulties and the causes of the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function; And last, the do research on the countermeasure and suggestion.
The research has three ways to collect the materials: documentary method、 questionnaire、in-depth interview, they are be used to collecting the different type materials. Documentary method is used to collecting the materials that the function of the Farmers' professional co-operatives should be provided with. Questionnaire is used to collecting the materials that the farmers' expectation of the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function, services provided by the Farmers' professional co-operatives and the farmers' evaluation of the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function. In-depth interview is used to collecting the materials that operating process ofthe Farmers' professional co-operatives from the government agencies related personnel, the head andcore members of the Farmers' professional co-operatives.
Through the research, we found that: the first one,the Farmers' professional co-operatives to be a subject of providing services under the socialized services system, it can come into play to promote the function of the socialized services systems. Second, the Farmers' professional co-operatives' function is limited in the research sites. The third, there are many dilemma on the aspect of making the Farmers' professional co-operatives intofully functional and they are: the farmers' degree of recognition are low, the low efficiency of the operation and management causing by the head' low quality, internal conflict causing by the differences between the members. The fourth, the dilemma are caused by many reasons, and the main of them are: the government support is not in place after the exit of state power, the identity of the Farmers' professional co-operatives is not clear, famers prefer disperse to cooperation and the limitations of the elements of the agricultural production.
The fifth and the last, to promote the function of the Farmers' professional co-operatives can come true by solving the problems, the main practice are including: increasing input of the elements of the agricultural production to improve the incentive to produce, pinpoint the role of the government, into full play of the leading enterprise and cultivating new farmers and professional managers.
【Keywords】Farmers' professional co-operatives; function; dilemmaand the causes;cultivation method